Uterine Cancer

Uterine Cancer Treatment Cost in India

The cost for the treatment of uterine cancer in India varies if we talk about it in the sense of procedure. For instance, the cost to treat uterine cancer may lie between USD 4000 to 6000 (INR 3,00,000 to 4,50,000). The given pricing is just an aggregate to have an idea about the cost of the treatment it may differ from hospital to hospital.

What is Uterine Cancer?

Uterine Cancer

Uterine cancer is a type of cancer that is the most common cancer in women, and it happens in the female reproductive system. The uterus is a female reproductive organ in the pelvic region. It is a place where the development of the fetus takes place. Uterine cancer starts in the form of layers of cells, and they form a type of lining in the uterus. This lining that develops is known as the endometrium. Uterine cancer or endometrial cancer can be treated because of the symptoms that can be seen in the early stages. Symptoms like heavy vaginal bleeding. The most common way to cure uterine cancer is by removing the uterus from the female reproductive system.

What Are the Symptoms of Uterine Cancer?

Symptoms of Uterine Cancer

The most common symptom that can be seen in uterine cancer (endometrial cancer) is vaginal bleeding. Vaginal bleeding is also known as abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB), this bleeding happens because of endometriosis (Endometriosis is a condition in which the uterine lining grows outside of the uterus). Abnormal vaginal bleeding includes:

  • The change in the length of the periods.
  • The heaviness or quantity of the menstrual periods.
  • Vaginal bleeding or spotting between menstrual periods.
  • Vaginal bleeding after menopause.

Apart from these symptoms, there are also potential symptoms of endometrial cancer. These symptoms can be categorized as:

  • Discharge from the vagina with watery or blood-tinged liquid (with foul-smelling).
  • If you have pain in the lower abdomen or pelvis.
  • Having pain during sexual intercourse.
  • Pain in the legs or back.
  • Weakness or tiredness.
  • Having constipation.
  • Unintentional or abnormal weight loss.

If you experience any of these symptoms, you need to consult with the doctors as soon as possible. Sometimes the symptoms can be just a sign of normality, but to clear up all your doubts, you can consult with your doctors and can get your doubts cleared.

Abnormal vaginal bleeding can not only happen because of uterine cancer, but it can also happen because of menopause or other noncancerous conditions. But if abnormal vaginal bleeding happens, it is advisable to consult with doctors. They help to analyze what type of problems or medical issues you are having and what type of necessary measures you need to take.

What Are the Causes Behind Uterine Cancer?

In general, the exact cause behind uterine cancer is still unknown. But doctors believe that the changes in the level of hormones like estrogen and progesterone are often responsible for the cause of uterine cancer. So, when the fluctuation happens in the level of these hormones, it affects the endometrium. When the level of estrogen increases, it causes the endometrial cells to divide and multiply.

Therefore, the changes that occur in the endometrial cells are responsible for the situation of abnormal cell division, and this results in cancer. Moreover, their rapid growth of them results in the formation of the tumor. The study and research are still going to find out the main reason behind why this is happening.

The Risk Factors Responsible for Endometrial Cancer

Most endometrial cancer risk is related to the age criteria. As age increases the risk factors for endometrial cancer increase. In most cases, the women who are diagnosed with endometrial cancer lie in the age category of 45 to 74 years of age.

Apart from this age factor, several other factors are responsible for the risk of endometrial cancer. And these factors are as follows:

  • The changes in the sex hormone level.
  • Certain medical conditions.
  • Family history of cancer.
  • Living with obesity.

So as doctors believed that the imbalance in the sex hormones might be responsible for uterine cancer. Therefore, estrogen and progesterone levels need to be maintained to avoid the possibility of having cancer.

Other certain aspects are also responsible for uterine cancer, and these are as follows:

  • Menstruation pattern through the years: The more menstrual cycles you have had, the more exposure your body has to estrogen.
  • History of pregnancy: When you go through the pregnancy, the hormonal changes shift towards progesterone. Therefore, if you have never been pregnant, then the chances of having uterine cancer are very high. Sometimes the chances are very high in the case of infertility as well.
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS): PCOS, polycystic ovarian syndrome is a disorder in which the estrogen levels are very high and progesterone levels are very low. Hence, if somebody had PCOS then the chances of having uterine cancer are very high.
  • Granulosa cell tumors: Granulosa cell tumors are a type of tumor in which the secretion of estrogen took place. If a person had granulosa cell tumor, then the chances of having uterine cancer are high.

What Are the Stages Of Uterine Cancer?

There are a total of 4 main stages of uterine cancer. The 4 stages are as follows:

Stage 1: In the first stage the cancer is confined to the womb. It is further categorized into two parts:

  • Stage 1A: Development of cancer in the muscle wall of the womb.
  • Stage 1B: Cancer spread and developed in the muscle wall of the womb.

Stage 2: In the second stage cancer spreads to the cervix.

Stage 3: In the third stage cancer starts to grow and spread in different parts. It can be categorized into three subcategories:

  • Stage 3A: Cancer starts to develop in the ovaries.
  • Stage 3B: Cancer further develops around the area of the womb and in the vagina.
  • Stage 3C: In this, the lymph gland starts to get affected.

Stage 4: Now the cancer starts to spread into other body organs, and it can be categorized into two subdivisions:

  • Stage 4A: The bladder is not affected by the cancer.
  • Stage 4B: Cancer spreads to other organs such as the brain, lungs, bones, or liver.

Diagnosis Of Uterine Cancer

If you are suffering from any of the serious symptoms, then you can consult with your doctor about it. After that, a proper examination will be conducted, and measures will be taken afterward. There are different ways through which the diagnosis can be conducted these includes:

Diagnosis of Uterine Cancer
  • Hysteroscopy: It is a process in which a very thin telescope is used. The telescope is passed through the cervix into the uterus. This will allow doctors to examine the lining of the uterus and tissues. They can also do a tissue sampling (biopsy) of the area that seems abnormal.
  • Endometrial Sampling: Doctors passed a thin tube into the uterus to obtain a small piece of the endometrium by using mild suction. The procedure is performed and done on an outpatient basis. Then the pieces are examined for any abnormalities.
  • Ultrasound Scan of the Uterus: The ultrasound test is one of the primary tests that is used for identifying uterine cancer. This is the safest and painless way that allows the examination out of the three. With the help of the images produced by the sound waves, doctors analyze the condition and structure of the organs and check for any abnormalities.

These are some of the ways that are used for diagnosing a patient with uterine cancer.

What Are the Treatment Options for Uterine Cancer?

There are different treatment options available that can be used to treat uterine cancer. Some of these options are listed below:

Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy is a process in which high beams of rays are used to eliminate the cancer-causing cell. It is also used to reduce the risk of recurrence after surgery. Radiation therapy is of two types:

  1. Radiation is given within the body (with the help of radiation filled device or object).
  2. Radiation is given through a machine outside the body.

Surgery: Many doctors believe that surgery is an ideal and most recommended procedure that can be used to treat uterine cancer. During surgery, the removal of the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes is done. Moreover, it gives the exact idea of the spread of cancer as well.

Chemotherapy: In chemotherapy, certain types of chemicals are used to destroy and eliminate cancer cells. These drugs are to be given through injections or orally. This treatment is used for women that are facing recurrence or if the cancer is spread to different parts of their body. The chemical gets into the bloodstream and targets all the cancer cells.

Hormone Therapy: In hormone therapy, certain medications are used to control the level of hormones. This therapy is used for those that are suffering from advanced uterine cancer that has spread beyond the uterus.

How Can One Lower the Risk of Uterine Cancer?

By following certain points, one can lower the risk of having uterine cancer:

  • Losing weight (obesity is not good for health).
  • Doing regular physical activity or exercise.
  • If you have abnormal vaginal bleeding, then seek consultation and treatment accordingly.
  • Understanding the pros and cons of hormone therapy.
  • Understanding the potential benefits of contraceptives.
  • Learning and knowing about the family history regarding cancer.

Some questions that are frequently asked:

Q1. What is the survival rate after being diagnosed with uterine cancer?

Ans. The survival rate is much higher if we compare it with other cancers. Uterine cancer can be detected in the early stages therefore, it can be treated. It is estimated that the survival rate among uterine cancer patients within the first five years of diagnosis is between 80 and 90 percent.

Q2. What is the treatment cost of the Uterine cancer through surgery in India?

Ans. The cost for the treatment of uterine cancer in India though the method of surgery usually falls under 4000 to 6000 USD. It is not definite, it is an aggregate, it fluctuates and varies from hospital to hospital.

Q3. Is Laparoscopic surgery available in India to treat uterine cancer?

Ans. Yes, laparoscopic hysterectomy and robot-assisted surgery are easily available at many top uterine cancer hospitals in India.

Q.4. Is uterine cancer curable?

Ans. Yes, uterine cancer is curable since it can be discovered in the early stages because of its symptoms.

Q.5. Which are the best hospitals in India for the treatment of uterine cancer?

Ans. Many hospitals provide treatment for uterine cancer, listed below are some of the very known and best hospitals for the treatment:

  • Manipal Hospital, Hebbal
  • Fortis Hospital, Shalimar Bagh
  • Indraprastha Apollo Hospital
  • Manipal Hospital, Gurugram
  • BLK-Max Super Specialty Hospital
  • Dharamshila Narayana Superspeciality Hospital
  • Star Hospitals
  • Shanti Mukund Hospital
  • Fortis Hospital
  • American Oncology Institute

Q.6. What are the best places options in India for the treatment of Uterine cancer?

  • Noida
  • Bengaluru
  • Mumbai
  • New Delhi

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