Liver Cancer

Cost Of Treatment for Liver Cancer in India

The costs for Liver Cancer surgery in India are between $1,933- 5155 USD (150000 to 400000 INR (Indian Rupee). The costing figure for the treatment includes various components due to which rates may fluctuate in India. These factors include the cost of blood tests, CT scans and other diagnostic tests, type of treatment, etc. In India, the non-surgical treatment for liver cancer is cost-effective compared to surgical treatment.

What is Liver Cancer?

Liver Cancer

Our liver is one of the most vital organs, which filters blood coming from the digestive tract, before distributing it to the whole body. It also helps synthesize certain proteins and chemicals needed for clotting, metabolism, digestion, and detoxification of drugs.

Liver cancer is a form of cancer that originates in the liver. It is also known as hepatocellular cancer. While it can begin in any cell in the body, most types of liver cancer occur when abnormal cells grow in your liver. Liver cancer can lead to internal bleeding or blockage of the bile ducts. Liver cancer is often treatable if detected early but can be difficult to diagnose because symptoms may not develop until the disease has reached an advanced stage.

Liver cancer is a general term for a group of cancers that begins in the liver. The liver can be affected either by primary liver cancer which arises in the liver, or secondary or metastatic cancer, which originates elsewhere in the body. Primary liver cancer tends to occur when the liver is damaged in the form of cirrhosis (a scarring condition of the liver), certain birth defects, alcohol abuse, chronic infection with diseases such as hepatitis B and C, hemochromatosis, obesity, and fatty liver disease amongst others.

Types Of Liver Cancer

Liver cancer is cancer that develops in the organ of the body that is responsible for many of its essential functions. Liver cancer can be broadly categorized into five types, and each will affect the liver differently. All these types of liver cancers are serious and have a tendency to recur.

The various types of cancer occurring in the liver are:

The liver is essential for life, as it performs a vast number of biochemical reactions on a daily basis. Liver tumors can be benign or malignant. Some common benign tumors are:

  • Cysts
  • Fibroma
  • Lipoma
  • Leiomyoma
  • Hemangioma
  • Hepatic adenoma
  • Focal nodular hyperplasia

Signs And Symptoms of Liver Cancer

Liver Cancer

The liver cancer symptoms can be difficult to detect at first. The patient may feel nothing or only mild discomfort. Initially, the patient might not realize that they have liver cancer. But as it spreads, some of these symptoms are bound to appear:

  • Fatigue
  • Jaundice
  • Vomiting
  • Fever
  • Itching
  • An enlarged liver
  • Loss of appetite
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Swelling or fluid build-up in the abdominal area
  • Change of skin color and the change of eye white part to yellow

Causes And Risk Factors Related to Liver Cancer

There are chances of infection in the liver, jaundice, and hepatitis that may result in cancer if not treated properly and completely. By knowing it and understanding the causes, you can try to avoid these risks. There are a few reasons that trigger the risks related to liver cancers:

Liver Cancer

The liver cancer symptoms can be difficult to detect at first. The patient may feel nothing or only mild discomfort. Initially, the patient might not realize that they have liver cancer. But as it spreads, some of these symptoms are bound to appear:

  • Chemical mutations in the DNA of liver cells.
  • Tumor cells rapid growth.
  • One reason for the liver disorder could be Diabetes.
  • Hepatitis Viral infections: It can be caused due to Hepatitis A and B.
  • Wilson's disorder and hemochromatosis may induce infections of the liver.
  • The major risk factor in the enlargement of liver cancer can be caused by Alcoholism.
  • Liver cirrhosis causes scars in liver cells, and this condition can lead to liver cancer.
  • Aflatoxins contamination in food causes liver disorders and infection that may lead to liver cancer.
  • Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease causes excessive fat accumulation in the liver and increases the risk of liver cancer.

Diagnosis of Liver Cancer

Liver cancer is diagnosed by using various screening tests. The doctor may advise various liver dysfunction tests to eliminate the possible cause of the growth of tumor cells. Physical examination helps in determining symptoms or lumps that may suspect the presence of liver cancer. Some of the other tests that are performed for diagnosing liver cancer include:

Stages Of Liver Cancer

Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) staging system is a cancer staging system for the liver that is used to classify cancers by their extent and whether they have spread to other parts of the body. The stages of liver cancer include:

Treatment Options for Liver Cancer

Treatment Options for Liver Cancer

Treatment Options for Liver Cancer

Liver cancer treatment is a long-term process that consists of surgical as well as non-surgical procedures which are based on the Cancer type, stage, age, and gender of the patient. Liver cancers in the initial stages can be operated upon. These cancers can be operated on in the early stages to prevent further spread of the disease and subsequent death.

Liver Cancer Treatment Options

Follow Up After Liver Cancer Treatment

A follow-up examination is a periodical medical visit by the physician for monitoring the status of the patient. It can be performed in many ways like physical examinations, medical tests or both methods may be used. The concerned physician will check whether there are any side effects of the treatment. Let your doctor know about all changes that you feel in your body post-treatment so that a proper follow-up care routine is designed.

There are a few things that can help the patient in recovering fast such as:

  1. Take adequate rest and give some time for self.
  2. Avoid it for at least some time post the treatment.
  3. Socialize more, it will help in making you feel better.
  4. Exercise regularly, but moderation should be the key.
  5. In case of discomfort, visit the physician at the earliest.
  6. Start having a healthy diet with lots of green vegetables and avoid junk food.
  7. Do not include tasks in your work routine that require strenuous efforts from your end.

Cities Offering the Best Treatment For Liver Cancer

One must consider the best of the best hospital to get treatment for liver cancer as it is related to one’s life and should not be neglected. One must choose the best hospital with the best equipment. Some of the best hospitals are mentioned below:

  1. Aster Medcity, Kochi
  2. HCG Manavata, Nashik
  3. Fortis BG Road, Bengaluru
  4. Kokilaben Ambani Hospital
  5. Fortis Hospital, Vadapalani
  6. Fortis C-DOC, Chirag Enclave
  7. Manipal Hospital, Whitefield
  8. Fortis La Femme, Greater Kailash
  9. Manipal Hospital, Old Airport Road
  10. BKL Superspeciality Hospital, New Delhi
  11. Fortis Escorts Heart Institute, Okhla Road

FAQs

The spread of cancer depends on which type of cancer it is. Hemangiosarcomas and Angiosarcomas spread fast as compared to Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

It is very difficult to cure liver cancer. As primary liver cancer is not likely detectable when it can be most treatable. While secondary is hard to treat as it has already spread. However, the doctor can use palliative treatment to treat this kind of liver cancer.

When liver cancer cell grows into the nearby lymph nodes, they spread easily to other parts of the body by lymphatic circulation.

No, in most cases traditional chemotherapy is not preferred as an option to treat liver cancer. Instead, doctors recommend a different form of chemotherapy known as hepatic artery infusion (HAI).

Yes, it is possible to cure liver cancer with non-surgical methods such as Radiofrequency Ablation, and Partial Hepatectomy.

Precaution is better than cure. So, some of the preventive measure for liver cancer includes:

  • Hepatitis B can be avoided by getting vaccinated
  • Hepatitis C infection can be avoided by having safe sex, avoiding intravenous drugs, and using a sterilized needle for piercing and tattooing
  • Drinking alcohol in moderation
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Limiting exposure to cancer-causing chemicals

In this procedure, the entire liver is removed and replaced with another healthy liver from an organ donor. In most cases, a healthy liver can be found within 24 hours of your surgery.

Some of the tests include physical examination and history, serum tumor marker test, liver function test, CT scan, and MRI. The biopsy is done along with laparoscopy to confirm the diagnosis.

Oftentimes, it is possible to cure yourself of cancer if it is detected early. Liver cirrhosis and viral hepatitis can be detected early by regular health screenings. An integrated approach of a multidisciplinary team is the best way to conquer liver cancer.

If one is suffering from any side effects of the treatment then, the doctor must be informed immediately so that a follow-up treatment can be designed properly and maintained.

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