Foot and Ankle Surgery

What is Foot and Ankle Replacement Surgery?

Foot and Ankle Replacement Surgery

Foot and Ankle Replacement Surgery is a type of surgery on the foot and ankle that can be performed to fix injuries or correct deformities. It can be used for any number of purposes, including to remove tumors, treat fractures, treat infections, relieve pain, or repair ruptured ligaments. The goal of surgery is to help you regain your ability to walk and move freely, while preventing the development of new problems in the years ahead.

Who Should Have Surgery On Their Feet And Ankles?

Treatment is required for those suffering from the following conditions:

  • Deformities of the feet
  • Toes with a bunion are known as hammer toes.
  • Injuries to the ankle
  • Fractures of the ligaments
  • Diabetic foot complications
  • Other sprains and sprains of the ankle and leg

Foot and ankle surgery is a sub-specialty surgery type of orthopedics section which deals with the treatment, diagnosis as well as prevention of any kind of disorders occurring in the foot and ankle.

Types of Foot and Ankle Replacement Surgery

Types of Foot and Ankle Replacement Surgery

Replacement surgeries for feet and ankles will vary depending on numerous factors like the size of the patient’s injury and type of foot or ankle replacement surgery they wish to undergo. Some surgeries involve replacing only a few bones at once while others may require reconstructive surgeries and replacement joints that are surgically implanted into new areas of the patient’s body.

Even though such surgeries usually take a day, one must stay in the hospital for about 5 days. The types are as follows:

  • Foot deformities
  • Bunion
  • Hammer toes
  • Ankle injuries
  • Ligament fractures
  • Diabetic foot disorders
  • Other trauma to the ankle and leg
  • Types of Foot and Ankle Surgery:

    Though such surgeries take normally a day’s time but one needs to stay in the hospital for around 5 days. Following are the types:


    Bunions is that condition which occurs because of the enlargement or overgrowth of the big toe joint. It slowly drifts away from the others in the reverse direction. When it rubs with the shoes, it becomes the cause of pain and irritation. This can be corrected through surgery.

    Hammer Toes

    The condition when the human toes become claw-shaped or are permanently bent, it is known as hammer toes. This can be corrected through a number of ways such as arthroplasty and arthrodesis . These surgeries take a span ranging from an hour to a day.

    Metatarsal surgery

    The joints in your forefoot are called metatarsal-phalangeal joints. They can get damaged by inflammation of the lining of the joint (synovitis) or can get dislocated when damaged by arthritis, causing irritation and pain. . If other treatments do not help, surgery is the only solution, depending on the severity of the problem.

    Ankle arthritis

    The cause of ankle arthritis is osteoarthritis where the cartilage covering the ends of the bones get roughed-up and gradually become thin. The bone below it thickens, causing rheumatic conditions. It becomes the cause of swelling, deformity and pain, which needs surgery for correction. There are two options:

    Ankle arthritis

    • Ankle fusion –
    • This process deals with removal of the damaged ankle joint and then fusing patient’s talus bone to his tibia for making a stiff and pain-free ankle. The foot is fused with the leg at a right angle where bones are put together with screws and new bone grows taking around 12–14 weeks
    • Ankle replacement –
    • This procedure deals with removal of the worn-out ends of the foot’s tibia and talus bones and their replacement with the artificial ends that might be made up of plastic or metal. This surgery takes around an hour or two and a patient gets well in 6 weeks. This replacement lasts for around 15 years and may need new joints.
    • Achilles tendon disorders -
    • The largest tendon in a human body is the Achilles tendon, which needs a lot of power for movement. With age, it starts wearing, leading to swelling and pain within the main tendon. Mostly the method of its treatment is surgery, performed in a day’s time and needing crutches later.
    • Presently, there are 3 choices in ankle replacement implants where each has a specific design. The three types ate- InBone (Wright) ankle replacement, The Salto Talaris (Tornier) ankle replacement and the Agility (Depuy) ankle replacement.
    • Morton’s neuroma -
    • Morton’s neuroma is a painful condition that mainly creates a painful condition in nerves (third and fourth toes) that supply sensation to the two neighboring toes. If the problem is severe, surgery for removal of the nerve is the solution which needs you to wear a bandage for about 2 weeks afterwards.
    • Tibialis posterior dysfunction -
    • Tibialis posterior, the muscle supporting the shape of the human’s instep arch and the tendon gets inflamed that results in swelling and pain on the inside of the ankle. This generally results in a flatfooted appearance. If the condition is worse, the only resort is surgery for rebuilding the instep arch. The operation takes around 2 hours and takes around 8-12 weeks to get healed.
    • Plantar fasciitis -
    • Plantar fascia is a group of strong fibrous tissue that spreads across the sole of the foot to the toes. This condition causes inflammation in the very area where fascia is attached under the heel. Some bad cases require surgery for releasing the tissues from the heel bone. The surgery needs takes around an hour and one is needed to wear a bandage after the surgery.

    Benefits of Foot and Ankle surgery

    There are various benefits of foot and ankle surgery. Some are mentioned below:

    • Relief from pain
    • Restoration of joint function in patients
    • Getting rid of osteoarthritis, traumatic arthritis or rheumatoid arthritis
    • Ability to maintain movement in the joints
    • A more normal walking gait pattern
    • Protection of the surrounding joints
    • A range of movement of ankle and foot

    Cost of Foot and Ankle Surgery in India

    The costs of any kind of surgery in the western countries like the USA and the UK is quite high. In comparison to this, the cost of foot and ankle surgery in India is quite pocket-friendly. The best part is that a patient can enjoy such affordable treatments from internationally trained doctors and surgeons who get the assistance of dedicated and professional staff/personnel. The technology used in top-most hospitals offering excellent personalized services is also the latest in the field.

    The following are the main benefits of this joint replacement surgery:

    • Relief from suffering
    • Allow you to return to low-impact activities like walking, swimming, riding, and hiking.
    • Improves ankle range of motion to make them feel more natural Supports other joints near the ankle from becoming diseased or arthritic.

    Ankle surgery can take more than two hours in most cases. During the procedure, the patient is either under general or spinal anaesthesia (with a regional nerve block) and feels nothing.

    You will need to stay in the hospital for 1-2 days after the ankle replacement procedure. Prior to release, a plaster splint or boot may be placed over the wound. The doctor will provide you instructions and measures to follow during the healing process.

    You should not put any weight on the operated foot for a while (non-weight bearing period). In four to six weeks after surgery, many people can walk and begin physical therapy. This is a gradual technique that varies from person to person.

    Yes. The majority of patients are able to engage in low-demand activities such as walking, biking, hiking, and swimming a year after surgery. Participating in high-risk events, such as long-distance running or sports with a significant impact on the ankle, should be avoided. This is because these techniques will shorten the replacement joint's life expectancy.

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