Retinoblastoma  Cancer

Cost Of Treating Retinoblastoma Cancer

The cost of treating retinoblastoma cancer in India varies from one state to another and upon several factors, such as the specialty of the oncologist and the health care experts, the condition and the severity of the disease, time, and procedures required for the treatment of the disease and many others.

What is Retinoblastoma Cancer?

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Retinoblastoma cancer is a type of malignancy that generally occurs in the portion of the eye known as ‘retina’ and this is a primary ocular cancer that is usually found to occur among children and young babies who are below the age of 2 or 3 years. Though there are faint chances of children getting affected with retinoblastoma cancer after the age of 6 years, this might happen rarely.

Retina, one of the most vital portions of the eyes, is a lining or a portion of the eye that is made of bundles of nerve cells and sensory tissues, highly sensitive and remains in the internal portion of the eyes which helps to receive light rays and makes it easy for the brain to identify images with the help of messages sent through the optic neurons. Though it is quite a rare form of cancer, this cancer, just like any other type of cancer can prove to be deadly if left untreated for a long time. Retinoblastoma cancer occurs in the form of a cancerous lump or tumor that gradually develops and spreads all over the eyes and affects eyesight.

Retinoblastoma cancer is often found to occur in both eyes and disrupts eyesight among young children. But there is nothing to worry about this because this type of cancer among children can be easily treated using several methods of surgery and chemotherapy if only the disease is detected early.

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Symptoms Of Rhetinoblastoma Cancer

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Just like any other form of cancer, retinoblastoma cancer also does not show any kind of significant or noticeable symptoms in the early stages. So, it becomes quite difficult to make out whether a child has been affected by retinoblastoma cancer. The symptoms start to occur in the body at the later stages but by that time the disease has already spread to a huge extent and it requires a major effort on the part of the health care experts and concerned oncologists to treat the disease at such advanced stages. But there are certain common symptoms of retinoblastoma cancer. Some such symptoms are as follows:

  • Lack of proper vision
  • Pupils remain wide open
  • Mild to severe pain in the eye
  • A crossed eye syndrome starts developing in the child
  • The size of the pupil will become abnormally enlarged
  • The shape and size of the eyes appear larger and weird than normal
  • The pupil gradually turns white and the normal black or brown color of the pupil starts disappearing or fades away slowly
  • The color of the iris changes
  • A temporary squint of the eyes
  • Constant irritation in the eyes
  • The color of the center of the eyes starts fading away, forming a cloudiness
  • The color of the eye may turn red- this might occur either in one or both the eyes
  • The eyeballs do not move equally focus on one particular direction
  • Eye blood vessels at the back do not reflect the red color due to the formation of the cancerous tumor

Stages Of Rhetinoblastoma Cancer

Just similar to other forms of cancer, retinoblastoma cancer has also been divided into 4 stages by oncologists and health care experts, depending upon several factors such as the severity of the disease, treatability of the disease, condition of the patient, and many others. The different stages of retinoblastoma cancer can be listed here as follows:

Causes Of Retinoblastoma Cancer

Though there is no specific reason behind the formation of retinoblastoma cancer in a child, the most probable cause predicted by oncologists and health care experts is that abnormality in genetic mutation and recombination since the time of their birth. This is because the retinoblasts cells already start developing in eyes of the baby before the retina grows. Due to genetic abnormalities and due to uncontrolled and unusual growth of these cells retinoblastoma cancer might occur in a child.

Diagnosis Of Retinoblastoma Cancer

Diagnosis occupies an important part of treating any kind of cancer. Proper diagnosis is the only way that helps in the proper and correct treatment of the disease. For treating and the diagnosis of the retinoblastoma cancer disease in the body, your concerned oncologists and health care experts might advise you to undergo certain necessary tests related to the retinoblastoma cancer that will effectively help to detect cancer. Some of the diagnosis-related tests and procedures are as follows:

Treatment Of Retinoblastoma Cancer

Side Effects of The Treatment of Retinoblastoma Cancer

The procedures that are recommended by oncologists and health care experts to treat retinoblastoma cancer might lead to the occurrence of several types of side effects in children after the treatment is done. Some of the side effects are as follows:

  • Feeling of drowsiness.
  • Excessive tiredness and exhaustion.
  • Difficulties in normal growth and development.
  • The feeling of nausea, which may or may not be accompanied by vomiting.
  • Mild to severe headache, that commonly occurs after having radiation therapy.

If you feel that your child is having any of the above side effects, then it is highly advisable to take the help of the concerned health care expert at once.


A child with retinoblastoma cancer can surely recover after treatment if the disease is detected and treated early.

It is quite difficult to prevent retinoblastoma cancer because the disease occurs through abnormality in genetic mutation.

The concerned physician is the best person to advise how to protect your child’s eyes from retinoblastoma cancer.

Regular check- ups and strictly following the instructions of the physicians are the things to be done after the treatment of retinoblastoma cancer.

The time taken to cure this type of cancer entirely depends on the treatment procedures recommended for the patient and of course, on the severity of the patient.

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