What is Hernia?


A hernia is a common condition and occurs when an internal organ bulges through a weak area of muscle or tissue. Hernia surgery is needed when the hernia causes problems like pain, swelling, trouble breathing, and/or bowel obstruction. Hernia is a protrusion of tissue or organ from its normal position. It usually happens because of an injury or defect in the abdominal muscles and is also an effect of aging. The condition may not produce any symptoms but may result in severe pain. An emergency may arise when the contents bulge out through the opening which creates pressure on the blood supply to the tissues.

Types of Hernia

Who Should go for Hernia Surgery?

If your hernia is large, it could hamper your daily activities. You may have to restrict yourself from certain movements, due to the discomfort in the area. Moreover, it might put the bowel at risk (you can get trapped in a hernia).

Symptoms of Hernia

Causes of Hernia

Hernias are usually present at birth but can also develop later in life. This can occur when there is increased pressure on the abdominal cavity, which results in a hernia forming. Congenital hernias tend to be more common in men while acquired hernias are more common in women. To reduce hernia risk, you must eat a diet rich in fiber and engage in regular physical activity.

Hernia Repair

Hernia repair is a procedure to correct a defect in the abdominal wall and repair the hernia. The surgical procedure for fixing a hernia is termed hernia repair. Herniorrhaphy is the other name for this procedure. There are 2 kinds of hernia repair

  • Laparoscopic Hernia Repair :
  • Laparoscopic Hernia Repair reduces postoperative pain and recovery time. The procedure aims to repair a hole in the diaphragm or abdominal wall. The surgeon creates tiny incisions and inserts long-handled surgical instruments and a laparoscope through them. Carbon dioxide gas is inflated into the abdomen, allowing the surgeon to see internal structures during the procedure.
  • Traditional (open) Hernia Repair :
  • Open or traditional hernia repair is an open surgery to fix the internal portion of the rupture by stitching it. This can take up to one hour and may require lifting the affected organ(s) to allow access to the affected area(s).

Benefits Of Laparoscopic Hernia Repair Surgery

A laparoscopic hernia repair surgery is efficient and offers great benefits to patients. A person can live a normal life without a gallbladder. Though the organ can be useful, it is not necessary.

The liver of a person will still produce bile for digesting the food. By adopting simple lifestyle changes, a person can live a normal life-

The laparoscopic method involves making only a few small incisions instead of one large incision. This minimizes blood loss and postoperative pain and can allow the patient to return to work quickly.

Cost Of Hernia Surgery in India

The hernia operation is an extremely common surgical procedure. A hernia is a medical condition where an internal body structure protrudes through the muscular wall of the abdomen, groin, or chest surface. Hernias can be treated without surgery or repair surgery or organ removal. Hernia surgery is performed by highly skilled surgeons in India. It is performed using cutting edge technology and well-maintained hospitals and centres. The minimum average cost of hernia surgery in India ranges start from USD 1134 to USD 4682 (INR (INR 90,000 to 3, 71,400). The cost may differ across Indian cities and as well as depend on the hospitals and treatment the patient has chosen.


The recovery time will depend on how you were treated. If you had open surgery, it may take up to six weeks for a full recovery. You will have some pain, but it should get better over time. With laparoscopy, patients can get back to normal activities within about a few days. If complications occur, you may need to stay in the hospital longer.

Hernias can be life-threatening, especially if they become strangulated or incarcerated. A strangulated hernia is an incarcerated hernia that becomes pinched or twisted and cut off from the blood supply by scar tissue. Many surgeons recommend surgery because it can prevent this serious problem. Without a normal blood supply, tissues may die. This occurs when a loop of intestine or fatty tissue is trapped in a hernia and the blood supply is cut off, killing the tissue.

Surgery for an inguinal hernia is necessary if the hernia is causing pain or discomfort, if it cannot be pushed back into the abdomen, or if it continues to enlarge. Surgery may also be recommended in cases where an inguinal hernia contains a loop of the intestine without blood supply (strangulated hernia) or a trapped loop of the intestine (incarcerated hernia).

Inguinal hernia surgery is a common procedure, and recovery time often varies for the patient. Most patients can return to light activity after 3 weeks, most in the form of walking. The key here is to wait for 6 months before resuming heavy exercise again.

There are risks and complications associated with inguinal hernia repair surgery. Some of the complications could include prolonged pain, recurrence of the hernia, damage to blood vessels and nerves, infection, or injury to nearby organs.

Usually, hernias cannot heal without surgery. Hernias can get bigger with time, and you may experience more pain if your hernia is larger. The point of surgical repair is to relieve the symptoms of the condition, prevent worsening of symptoms, and decrease in quality of life.

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