A heart transplant is a surgical procedure in which a sick or non-functioning heart is replaced with a healthy one. The surgeon divides the left atrium and removes the heart of the patient by performing a transaction in the aorta, main pulmonary artery, and superior and inferior vena cavae. The pulmonary vein apertures are still present on the rear wall of the left atrium. The donor's heart is then joined to the recipient's by stitching the vena cavae, aorta, pulmonary artery, and left atrium together.
Someone who is either brain dead or on ventilator is the best candidate for a heart transplant. The healthy heart is removed from the patient and immersed in a solution before being transplanted. Heart transplantation in India has advanced to new heights as surgical methods and techniques have improved. Because the heart is such a vital life support system, cardiac transplantation is a common solution to cardiac issues. With hospital increases being successful for foreigners, heart transplants in India became financially effective.
In the following situations, this technique may be recommended:
Patients who should not have this procedure include:
Before a Heart Transplant, Here's What to Expect
Patients are placed on a waiting list for a donor heart prior to treatment. The selection process is carried out to ensure that the organ is allocated fairly because to the limited quantity of accessible hearts. Organs are matched based on the donor's blood type and the recipient's body size.
How to Prepare for a Heart Transplant
You will be given anaesthetic to make you unconscious and put you to sleep just before your heart transplant in India. Open-heart surgery is used by surgeons to do heart transplant surgery. To open the rib cage, tiny incisions of 3 to 4 inches are made in the chest at first. During the surgery, surgeons utilise a heart-lung machine to keep blood and oxygen going through your lungs and body while the heart is momentarily stopped. When the transplantation is finished, the surgeon takes the patient's damaged heart and replaces it with a healthy donor heart. The aorta and pulmonary arteries are not restored, but the major vessels are connected to the heart that has been rebuilt. As soon as blood supply is restored, the replacement heart begins to beat. If the blood flow is impeded, an electric show is performed to ensure that the new heartbeat is properly formed.
In addition, medicines are provided to help with pain management following surgery. To assist you breathe, a ventilator may be used, and tubes may be placed into your chest to drain fluids from your lungs and heart. You will be administered drugs through intravenous tubes for the time being.
You will be held in the intensive care unit for a few days before being transferred to a general ward or room. It is a critical surgery, and you will remain in the hospital until you are able to move or stand up on your own. The length of time spent in the hospital, as well as the cost of a heart transplant in India, varies from person to person. You must stay at your outpatient transplant facility after being discharged from the heart transplant hospital to have your health status monitored. Patients choose to stay in a nearby place for the first three months due to the invasive nature of the surgery. At most hospitals you can get comfortable care. You can return to your house after three months, depending on your healthcare advise. Immunosuppressants, therapies, diets, and care plans, on the other hand, are supposed to be taken for the rest of one's life.
Biopsy is one of the post-surgical diagnostic techniques used to track how well the replacement heart is working. Fever, weariness, illness, weight gain, bodily swelling, shortness of breath, and other symptoms will be used to diagnose you. Let your team know if you see anything so they can look for rejection symptoms.
People with end-stage cardiac failure have only one option: a heart transplant. Patients are thoroughly examined before being referred for a heart transplant because this surgery is not suited for everyone. The recipient of a heart transplant is evaluated on a few factors, including:
The patient is further screened if all organs are in good working order and the recipient is free of cancer or other infections. Recipients who smoke, drink excessively, or have chronic diabetes are frequently disqualified from receiving a heart transplant. Once a receiver is determined to be healthy, their name is added to a national donor waiting list.
Depending on the prerequisites, blood group, and recipient's number on the waiting list, the wait for a donor's heart might be short or extensive. It is difficult to say how long a patient will have to wait for a heart from a donor. The waiting list is not in any order, and patients are matched with donors based on the best match possible. While the patient waits for the donor heart, it is critical that he or she maintains good health.
The recipient's heart and the donor's heart are matched based on the following criteria:
Although heart transplant surgery improves one's quality of life, it still carries considerable hazards. Some of these dangers can be avoided with careful monitoring, treatment, and regular medical check-ups:
Starting USD 45,000 (INR 3,56,87,02). The cost of adult heart Transplant Surgery in India is often a fraction of what it costs in the United States and other affluent nations for the same treatment and care. The cost varies depending on the patient's diagnosis and condition, as well as the services provided. When compared to wealthy countries, the cost of these procedures is frequently twice as much as it is in India. The cost of Adult Heart Transplant Surgery in India could be determined by a few factors. These are divided into three categories: hospital, medical team, and patient-dependent factors, such as:
The following are some of the warning indicators that you could need a heart transplant:
If you have heart failure and your heart is having trouble pumping blood around your body, you should consider a heart transplant. Despite surgeries or drugs, this could be related to congenital problems, coronary artery disease, or cardiomyopathy.
People who are seriously ill are placed on a waiting list for a heart transplant. The United Network of Organ Sharing is in charge of the donor and cardiac organ lists. Patients are given organs based on their bodily size and weight, as well as their blood type.
Replacing a heart with a new one necessitates careful patient monitoring. The patient's body does not always accept the replacement organ. However, in nations like India, where world-class medical interventions have been established, a survival rate of close to 80-90 percent is possible.
The surgery normally takes between 5 and 6 hours to complete.
Yes, our way of living has a significant impact on how our bodies work. Diet plays an important part in preventing heart failure. Avoid smoking and cigarette intake, eat less sugar and salt, reduce unhealthy fat, and control your blood pressure and blood sugar levels just in case.