Knee Replacement Surgery

Cost of Knee Replacement Surgery in India

If you are looking for affordable knee replacement surgery cost in India, look no further. India is the hub for top quality healthcare and at the best prices.

Knee replacement surgery cost in India starts at approx. $2075 to 6757 USD (160975 to 524197 INR). The price depends on several factors and is negotiated with the hospital before surgery.

Types of Knee Replacement Price in USD Price in INR
Partial Knee Replacement $2,062- $4,518 ₹1,60,000 - ₹3,50,600
Unilateral Total Knee Replacement $1,933 - $3,267 ₹1,49,959 - ₹2,53,500
Bilateral Total Knee Replacement $4,382- $5,160 ₹3,39,948 - ₹4,00,305
Robotic Assisted Knee Surgery $2,964- $2,577 ₹2,00,000 - ₹2,30,000
Revision Knee Replacement $3,662- $6,045 ₹2,84,092 - ₹4,68,962

What is Knee Replacement Surgery?

knee replacement surgery

Knee replacement is also known as arthroplasty and is a complex surgical procedure. A knee replacement surgery is performed to surgically remove the damaged parts of a knee joint and replace the joint with a prosthetic device. During the procedure, specialized instruments are used to resurface the damaged portion of the joint and replace it with implants. This procedure helps to restore the normal function of the knee joint. A successful operative procedure keeps the joint functional for upto 15 years. Knee replacement procedures have a high success rate using advanced technologies and custom implants. In recent years, knee replacement has helped several people achieve an improved life quality in terms of reduced pain and stiffness, improvement in walking, driving, and social activities, and better movement of the knee joint.

What are types of knee replacement surgeries?

After quite examination of the patient's knee condition, the doctors decide the type of knee replacement surgery procedure.

  • Partial Knee Replacement Surgery
  • Revision Knee Replacement Surgery
  • Robotic knee replacement Surgery
  • Minimally Invasive Knee Replacement
  • Unilateral Total Knee Replacement Surgery
  • Bilateral Total Knee Replacement Surgery

Conditions Required for Knee Replacement Surgery

Condition Required for Knee Replacement Surgery

The first cause is for knee replacement is prolonged pain and illness. The most common cause of disability of the knee joint is the aging process. People often experience continuous stiffness and may not be able to perform daily activities. Prior to knee replacement surgery, a doctor may recommend non-surgical methods such as physiotherapy, walking, weight loss, and the use of anti-inflammatory and analgesic medication.

There are Several conditions require knee replacement surgery including:

  1. Severe arthritis
  2. Some form of trauma
  3. Rheumatoid arthritis
  4. Deformity of the legs
  5. Continuing pain in knee
  6. Chronic deformity of the knee
  7. Pain and swelling in the knee

In most condition, patients who have been advised knee replacement, their pharmacological remedies would have failed requiring surgical interventions. Physicians consider several criteria before initiating a knee replacement procedure. Rather than the gender and age of the patient, a doctor assesses the disability and severity of the debilitating condition. The doctor may assess the patient for prominent signs such as persistent swelling and inflammation of the knee.

Diagnostic Tests Required for Knee Replacement Surgery

  • X-Ray
  • MRI scan
  • Blood Test
  • A physical examination
  • Review medical history

The physician may also consider specific conditions such as blood pressure, thyroid, hemophilia, pregnancy complications, and diabetes. The doctor may also review current medications and existing allergies and minimize the risk of adverse outcomes.

Typical Knee Replacement Surgery Procedure?

Depending on the condition that is diagnosed, a patient may be advised either total knee replacement or partial knee replacement. A total knee replacement procedure is carried out when the entire knee joint is damaged. Partial knee replacement is also known as unicondylar or unicompartmental knee replacement and is performed when only a part of the knee is to be replaced.

A typical knee replacement procedure takes anywhere between two and three hours. During the procedure, an intravenous line and urinary catheter is put in place. The area to be operated is cleaned using a disinfectant solution. Next, an incision measuring 6 to 8 inches is made in the knee. The surgeon opens the knee and removes the damaged surface of the knee joint. After preparing the surface, the surgeon places a metal or plastic prosthesis consisting of patellar, femoral, and tibial components. The surgeon then attaches the prosthesis, closes the incision with staples and places a drain to remove fluid from the incision site. As a last step, the surgeon applies a sterile dressing over the incision.

The surgical procedure is associated with several risks:

  • Stroke
  • Infection
  • Heart attack
  • Nerve damage

Knee replacement surgery also puts a person at the risk of developing blood clots in the lungs and the leg vein. Patients must consider warning signs of infection such as fever higher than 100 degrees centigrade, any form of discharge or drainage from the site of operation, increase in tenderness, redness, pain, swelling, and chills with shaking.

When an infection occurs at the surgical site, the prosthetic in the knee is removed and antibiotics administered to the patient. Following successful treatment of the infection, the surgeon performs another surgery to install a new prosthetic.

Patients have the highest chances of successful outcomes when they do not require additional surgical procedures. Another major risk that patients may face is the failure of the prosthetic device. Wear and tear that occurs in the prosthetic because of stress encountered in daily activities may cause the artificial joint to stop functioning sooner than expected. Excessive weight and high-impact activities increase the risk of failure of the prosthetic.

Post-Surgical Care of Knee Replacement Surgery

Following a knee replacement procedure, the care team observes the patient for some hours in the recovery room. Depending on the progress of the patient, the doctor may use the continuous passive motion (CPM) machine for about four days, and this may continue for about three weeks. A patient generally recovers from surgery within 12 months, but the recovery time varies on a case-by-case basis.

Post-Surgical Care of Knee Replacement Surgery

Patients experience minimal complications following knee replacement surgery. Even when complications occur, they are not prolonged. However, when complications occur, the patient requires an extended recovery period. The maximum time taken for patients to get back to their daily routine is between 12 weeks and 6 months. Prosthetics placed in the knee remain in the working condition upto 20 years after surgery. Seniors undergoing knee replacement generally experience a complete recovery after a post-surgical period of care.

To sum it all up, knee replacement is a common procedure that many people may require because of deterioration and disability of joints from the aging process. Knee replacement costs in India are lower than most other countries and patients are advised to use precise diagnostic tests and pre and post-surgical care for maximum chances of positive outcomes.

FAQs

Knee replacement surgery is beneficial in relieving pain in knees to make them functional. You may need knee replacement when you have pain daily that restricts your activities including daily activities and recreation. You may need knee replacement when you have instability and deformity of the knee, restricting your work, or other types of damage including rheumatoid arthritis, post-traumatic arthritis, and osteoarthritis.

The services offered by tourism companies for individuals opting for knee replacement surgery in India are primary formalities related to accommodation, visa, and the engagement of competent surgeons, required surgical services before and after surgery, medication support, and other vital services such as arranging for foreign exchange, ticket bookings, and hotel arrangement. In addition, many healthcare facilities offer special packages at affordable costs.

You may have to undertake a general medical examination prior to surgery to assess the effects of anesthesia and surgery, followed by surgical clearance. Smokers and drinkers are at an advantage when they quit smoking and drinking. You may be advised pre-surgical exercises to strengthen your upper body to cope with the aftereffects of surgery. Your doctor may require findings from specific medical tests, such as X ray imaging and orthopedic examinations in addition to reviewing existing medications.

Different types of knee replacement procedures are available in India, including partial knee replacement, total knee replacement, revision knee replacement, bilateral knee replacement, minimally invasive knee replacement, and computer assisted surgery.

The main reasons for choosing knee replacement in India include affordable costs, the favorable climate for medical tourism, well maintained healthcare facilities with qualified doctors and surgeons, and high quality of care delivery. Other advantages include the availability of a wide choice of prosthesis, translators available in every language, and minimal wait times.

You may have to work with your physical therapist and occupational therapist as advised. In addition, you may be recommended a continuous passive motion (CPM) machine to bend and straighten your knee. You may also be advised special stockings and anticoagulant medication to promote optimal blood circulation.

The recovery time for each person differs. Most individuals use a walker for four weeks after the surgery and can drive a car in 2-4 weeks. You may need 12 weeks to be able to play a game such as golf or tennis. Most patients may only require a short stay at a rehabilitation center and may not need a nursing home.

It is possible to maximize the success of your knee replacement surgery by avoiding intensive exercises such as stair climbing and heavy lifting. Other strategies include staying healthy and active and maintaining a healthy weight. Things to avoid include impact sports, quick motion, and actions such as sitting on low surfaces and kneeling.

Significant benefits of knee replacement surgery include improved life quality, relief from pain, and improvement in mobility. Knee replacement surgery has risks associated with it, such as loosening, stiffness, osteolysis, and infection.

There are several alternatives to knee replacement surgery including osteotomy, arthroscopy, specialized braces, unicompartmental arthroplasty, cartilage transplantation, and knee fusion.

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