Bone marrow transplantation is a surgical treatment that replaces diseased or injured bone marrow with healthy blood-forming stem cells. A stem cell transplant is another name for the bone marrow treatment. Bone marrow is a soft, spongy tissue that can be found in your bones. It is in charge of creating stem blood cells, which then give rise to red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets, among other blood cells.
If a person has any of the following health problems, he or she may need a bone marrow transplant:
A bone marrow transplant is a surgery in which blood stem cells are transplanted from the bone marrow to replace cells in the bone marrow that have been injured or killed. After the healthy blood stem cells have been transplanted, they travel to the bone marrow and begin to form new bone marrow cells, allowing cell creation to resume. It's possible that the stem cells will come from you or from a donor. The method of bone marrow transplantation is also known as bronchial cell transplantation.
Over the last several years, rapid advancements in medical technology have resulted in an increase in the success rate of bone marrow transplants in India, as well as an increase in the survival rates for a variety of blood malignancies.
Cost of bone marrow transplant:
|S.No.||Countries||Average Cost (USD)||Average Cost (INR)|
|1.||India||$15,000 – $90,000||₹10,69,095 – ₹64,14,569|
|2.||USA||$350,000 – $800,000||₹2,47,36,250 – ₹5,65,40,000|
|3.||United Kingdom||$233,310 – $583,275||₹1,64,89,184- ₹4,12,22,960|
|4.||Germany||$100,000 – $250,000||₹70,67,500 – ₹1,76,68,750|
Bone marrow is a vital aspect of the body because it helps your immune system work properly. If your bone marrow is sick, and you don't have enough white blood cells, red blood cells, or platelets, your immune system will be compromised, and you'll be more susceptible to infections, diseases, and infections. This can be extremely harmful to your body and can lead to dangerous diseases. That is why a bone marrow transplant is done when the bone marrow isn't working properly, such as when you have a bone marrow illness, and the bone marrow malfunctions. The cause of bone marrow destruction or injury varies from person to person and diagnosing bone marrow disorder symptoms can be difficult at times.
If your bone marrow is unable to produce stem cells, your bone marrow transplant physician may recommend a bone marrow transplant. Bone marrow transplants can help those with cancer-related illnesses as well as those who have had their bone marrow damaged by chemotherapy or radiation. Your bone marrow may be saved after it has been destroyed with the help of a bone marrow transplant, as fresh stem cells may speed up the stem cell creation process.
There are several different types of bone marrow transplants. The cost of a transplant is determined on the type of surgery required. The following are the many types of BMT treatment approaches:
you or your donor will be administered with medications that will help move blood-forming stem cells from your bone marrow to your bloodstream. The stem cells from your blood or the blood of your donor will be taken, isolated from the bloodstream, and frozen. You undergo a conditioning treatment that includes high or low dose chemotherapy or radiation to destroy cancer cells as well as your own stem cells so that fresh stem cells can replace them.
You will be seated in a chair while the infusion is administered through a surgical line placed to your neck. Any changes in your temperature or blood pressure, as well as any signs of fever, will be watched. You may have headaches, nausea, and shortness of breath as a result of the medication.
Your stem cells will begin grafting to the bone marrow two to four weeks after the transplant is completed. They'll next begin to produce white blood cells, platelets, and red blood cells. If the stem cells come from a donor, you'll need to take antibiotics and anti-rejection medication to help your body accept them. Transfused red blood cells, platelets, and nourishment may also be required. It's possible that you'll need to stay in the hospital for a month until your immune system recovers. It is critical to maintain a germ-free atmosphere. You'll need to go to the outpatient department to have your blood and bone marrow checked for any issues.
The risk factors for Bone Marrow Transplant are determined by a variety of factors. It could be your age, overall health, or the ailment for which you're being treated, for example.
The type of transplant and how well the donor marrow matches the recipient marrow are also factors that influence the outcome. Another key factor is how a bone marrow transplant is carried out. The amount of radiation or chemotherapy you receive prior to your bone marrow transplant, as well as the dose you receive, affects the outcome of your transplant.
The likelihood of difficulties varies from one person to the next. Individuals getting a transplant may need to be hospitalised and treated for problems that emerge in rare circumstances, some of which may be life-threatening.
The following are minor issues that may occur as a result of a bone marrow transplant:
Bone Marrow Transplantation Benefits in India:
The doctors and surgeons in India is erudite and has years of experience treating life-threatening disorders, thanks to the ever-advancing area of medicine and research technology.
The infrastructure and technology of India's top hospitals are comparable to those found in their western counterparts.
One can be assured of quality treatment and holistic care at a third of the cost with the greatest surgeons in India. The cost of a bone marrow transplant has also been reduced by focusing on fresh tactics and modern technologies to provide excellent healthcare.
Following a bone marrow transplant, doctors and nurses will closely monitor the patients' recovery. Patients may require the following: