Heart valve surgery is a type of cardiac surgery. This procedure is performed to replace or repair damaged or diseased heart valves that are narrowing up the flow of blood through your heart. Heart valve surgery involves replacing or repairing an aortic, mitral, or tricuspid valve. The procedure is performed by Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) or Valve Replacement Surgery. Heart valve surgery is one of the most common surgeries done in the world today to fix abnormalities within the heart valves. The term "heart valve" refers to a mechanical device that allows blood to flow in one direction through the coronary artery. These devices can become defective, which can lead to an accumulation of air that inhibits healthy blood flow or leads to an abnormal rhythm of contractions, called arrhythmias. In these cases, a patient may require heart valve replacement surgery.
Heart valve disease is a cardiac ailment that is found to occur in those valves of your heart. Heart valves consist of small flaps that open and close along with the beating and pumping of the heart. Heart valve disease develops because sometimes the heart valves cannot function properly and thus the entire cardiac function gets disrupted. This leads to a severe condition because the purified blood can now no longer spread smoothly from the upper sections of the heart such as the atria to the other lower segments like the ventricles and then to the rest portions of the body.
In the case of heart valve disorders, there is a chance of backflow of the blood that might damage the normal functioning of the heart. Moreover, heart valve disorders can also lead to a condition known as regurgitation and when the cardiac valves become narrowed, it causes a disorder known as stenosis. If anyone develops a heart valve disorder, then there are chances of getting other types of heart-related ailments such as strokes, heart attacks, cardiac arrest, heart failure, chances of blood clots or thrombosis, or any other kind of cardiovascular diseases.
The human heart consists of some sections known as 'valves.' There is a total of four valves in a human heart. They are:
Heart valve surgery is a surgical technique used to repair or replace the heart valves. There are four types of heart valves that can be repaired with this type of surgery: Aortic valve, Mitral valve and Pulmonary Valve.
In the case of aortic and mitral valves, patients must have their diseased or damaged valve removed and replaced with a new one made from animal tissue or human tissue. People who have pulmonary valve issues can get new implants that are made up of tissue, cuffs and valves using an artificial substance called pericardium. The surgeon will choose the best type depending on the patient's situation.
Mitral valves prolapse is a heart valve disorder that has been given some other medical terminologies or clinical names such as:
Mitral valve prolapse occurs when the mitral valve shows abnormal functions and has an improper opening and closing system while the heart pumps and thus leading to a backflow of the blood to the atrium. When you have a Mitral valve prolapse, you may or may not feel any symptoms and so you are not likely to get treatment. But sometimes, people with Mitral valve prolapse are found to have signs such as high heart rates, breathing problems and shortness of breath, constant coughing, mild to severe pain in the chest, excessive fatigue, tiredness, and other symptoms, then it is highly advisable to visit their cardiologists or any health care expert as soon as possible. In severe cases, the doctors might recommend surgery.
Bicuspid aortic valve disease is a type of heart valve disorder that is a disease a child is already born with. In this case, the aortic valve is developed within the baby with only two flaps but the third one is missing since birth. This disease is not detected just after birth, but when the symptoms of the disease start appearing in the body such as breathlessness, pain in the chest, extreme tiredness, and exhaustion that can even lead to fainting. But this type of heart valve disorder can be easily treated by surgery and many people in India have successfully defeated this disease.
Valvular stenosis is another type of heart valve disorder that occurs when a valve cannot open completely while the heart is pumping. This is a severe disorder, characterized by symptoms such as chest pain, excessive tiredness which can also cause fainting when the condition becomes severe, breathing problems or breathlessness, and many other problems. These symptoms occur because the heart cannot receive enough blood inside the valves which leads to further thickening or stiffening of the cardiac valves. Some people with mild symptoms can be easily treated by medications, while others with severe conditions might need to go for valve replacement surgery to cure valvular stenosis.
Valvular regurgitation, also known as "leaky valve", is a cardiac valve-related disease that causes symptoms such as cough, excessive tiredness, fatigue, breathlessness, high heart rates, or palpitations, along with swelling of the ankles and feet. This type of disease is caused when any one of the valves cannot close properly while the heart is pumping and thus leads to a backflow of blood. The treatment of this disease varies from one person to the other according to the severity of the cases, but the condition can be treated through surgery.
All types of heart valve disease show up common symptoms. Such symptoms are given below:
The procedure in which a type of heart valve disease should be treated depends on the type and the severity of the disease, the condition of the heart valves, and the process the health care expert thinks best for a particular patient. The common treatment procedures for treating a heart valve disease are as follows:
When the above home-care remedies are not enough to treat heart valve disease, your doctor might prescribe you to consume certain types of medications in the next step. Some of those necessary medicines that help in treating heart valve disorder are as follows:
But in severe cases, when medications do not work, your doctor will prescribe surgery. The types of surgery that might be done are stenosis, open-heart surgery, minimally invasive surgery, and so on.
If one wishes to have heart valve surgery in India, then he or she must know that there in India one can treat different types and conditions of heart valve disease through surgery. Some of those diseases and their related treatment techniques are as follows:
The estimated cost of Heart Valve Surgery in India is USD 4414 (INR 350000) and can be the highest cost at USD 6306 (INR 500000). The cost can vary from state to state and depends on certain factors, such as the condition of that patient's valves, the type of hospital, the experience of the surgeon, etc.
Performing heart valve surgery in India is cost-effective and easily affordable compared to any other country such as the United States or the United Kingdom.
Heart valve, according to medical experts, can last for as long as 25 years without any symptoms, but this entirely differs from one patient to the other.
Heart valve surgery should be performed immediately when the doctor finds out that the functioning of the heart valves cannot be supported by medications.
Obviously, the patient should take care of the new valve, follow all the instructions of the doctor carefully, and might consume blood thinners as advised by doctors.