In India, it is quite easy to treat breast cancer if the disease is detected in the early stages. It is cost effective and easily affordable for all. On an average the approximate cost to treat breast cancer in India successfully is starting from around USD 2,000 (Indian Rupees Approx. 70,000 to 1,44,000).
Cancer today has become one of the most common diseases that occur not only in India but also in the world today. Cancer has always been a heavily dreaded disease that has so long been hard enough to recover from, but nowadays, India has immensely developed in the field of medical science and uses some of the world’s most advanced technologies, and some excellently trained surgeons to treat cancer.
Breast cancer is a common type of cancer and nowadays a large population of women suffers from breast cancer. It is a type of cancer that affects the breast cells and form lumps on the breasts in the form of tumors.
Breast cancer occurs in your body when the cells and tissues of the breasts undergo abnormal and uncontrolled cell division and growth after genetic mutation and recombination. Breast cancer generally affects the breast lobules, the adipose or fatty tissues of the breasts, the fibrous connective tissues, or milk- secreting ducts of the breasts due to the mutation of the cells and therefore damages the breast cells.
Apart from directly affecting the breasts, the abnormal cells or the carcinogenic cells are often found to enter the mammary glands and its related tissues, where they damage the healthy cells too and therefore can cause severe harm to the lymph nodes and other parts of the body too.
The early signs and symptoms of breast cancer may vary from one person to the other. Some may even not feel the early symptoms of breast cancer. But there are certain common symptoms that might affect a person if the breasts develop the cancer. Usually signs of development of cancer in the breasts are usually detected through biopsies and mammogram tests.
The most important symptom of breast cancer that becomes noticeable in the very first stage of breast cancer is the development of a tumor on the breast that is affected by cancer cells. Apart from this, there are also certain symptoms that commonly occur in case of breast cancer. Some such common symptoms of breast cancer can be listed here as follows:
All of these symptoms do not necessarily indicate that you are having breast cancer. If you find any of these symptoms in your breasts, before assuming it to be cancer, it will be a good idea to consult your health care expert first and discuss the issues thoroughly.
But if you find that there is a lump or a tumor developing in your breasts, then it is highly advisable that you should not ignore the symptom.
Apart from the various types of breast cancer, there are two main types of breast cancer. They are:
These two broad categories of breast cancer can be further divided to describe the commonly occurred forms of breast cancer. They are as follows:
Apart from the above- mention forms, there are also certain types of breast cancer that are not commonly found to occur. They are as follows:
There are certain stages of each type of cancer and breast cancer is no exception. The stages of breast cancer are clinically classified according to the size of the lump that has occurred on the breasts and the condition of the disease inside the patient’s body. When the cancer has not spread too far, has not become too severe, and is still treatable are at the lower stages, but when the cancer is at a severe condition and there is less chance of survival, then it is marked in the higher stages. The stages of breast cancer are as follows:
Stage 0 or DCIS
This is the initial stage of breast cancer when the cancer cells have not started to spread out from the glands or ducts of the breasts.
Stage 1A. A lump or tumor develops on the breasts, and it has an average size of 2 centimeters (cm) or less. Sometimes the tumor might not develop
Stage 1B. Cancer occurs to develop in the surrounding lymph nodes
Stage 2A.The tumor may not increase in size, but if it does, its average width will be 2 and 5 cm and hasn’t spread to any lymph nodes.
Stage 2B.The tumor has either increased in size and has become more than 5 cm and may or may not spread into the lymph nodes.
The cancer has spread into the lymph nodes and the size of tumor might have increased in size.
Stage 4 (metastatic breast cancer stage)
There is no size of the tumor in Stage 4. The cancer has become well- developed by this stage and has affected the surrounding lymph nodes, the organs, and some other parts of the body too.
There might be a good number of factors that are responsible for the development of breast cancer. Some of the causes are as follows:
For the proper diagnosis of breast cancer disease, there are certain methods that should be strictly followed. Your health care provider might ask you to follow certain steps and to maintain a proper lifestyle, along with going through certain tests. Some such tests are as follows:
The treatment of any kind of cancer, and thus breast cancer depends upon a good number of factors, including in which stage the cancer has currently entered, the amount of damage done, chances of recovery, and so on. But nowadays, oncologists and health care experts have invented some effective ways and clinical methods with highly advanced medical science and high- quality technological that is effective enough to treat breast cancer quite successfully. There are certain methods that are followed for the treatment of breast cancer. Some of those methods are as follows:
Surgery: Surgery is the most common type of technique that is used by doctors and most popularly referred by many oncologists and health care experts as an easy way to treat cancer, particularly any type of breast cancer. Some of the commonly used methods of surgery for the treatment of breast cancer are as follows:
Lumpectomy: Helps to get rid of the cancer by removing the lump from the breasts through a surgery, while the other areas surrounding the breasts remain completely unaffected
Mastectomy In this surgery the entire breast is removed. If both the breasts are affected by cancer, then a double mastectomy surgery removes both the breasts.
Sentinel node biopsy: Just removes the lymph nodes that are affected by cancer.
Radiation therapy: Sometimes, many oncologists and health care experts suggest radiation therapy as a method of treating breast cancer. This method is unique and good enough to cure breast cancer. While performing the process of radiation therapy, a high- intensity is applied from outside the body and a light radiation is used to destroy the cancer cells.
Chemotherapy: Recent studies and advanced scientific research say that chemotherapy is the most effective method for any kind of cancer treatment and the treatment of breast cancer is of no exception. This method is used is a way where a medication or a drug blocks the growth and abnormal division of the cancer cells in the breasts.
Hormone therapy: According to recent studies, extensive scientific research and experiments it has been found that hormone therapy is a unique and quite effective method to treat breast cancer successfully. Hormones such as estrogen and progesterone- the primary female reproductive hormones are used to treat breast cancers successfully by preventing the growth and spread of cancer cells in the body.
The approximate cost of treating breast cancer in India might vary from one state to another and from one nursing home to the other. The cost might also differ due to other factors like:
Q. How much time will it take to recover from breast cancer?
Ans. The time entirely depends on the stage and severity of the disease. But, on an average it will take 3 to 6 months to recover.
Q. How many weeks of chemo are required?
Ans. To treat breast cancer, one might require 2 to 3 weeks of continuous chemotherapy, but it entirely depends on the severity of the disease and the time the doctor has prescribed
Q. What is the diet required to treat breast cancer?
Ans. You might need a dietician who to fix a proper diet for you during the treatment of breast cancer.
Q. Can surgery treat breast cancer?
Ans. In most cases, surgery can successfully treat breast cancer. But, according to your stage and severity of the disease the doctor will suggest which method is good for you.