Liver Cirrhosis

Cost of Liver Cirrhosis Treatment in India

Treatment of liver cirrhosis in India is cost-effective and the treatment process is quick. The doctors are well trained and equipped with the facilities to provide successful treatment. The low cost of treatment attracts many patients from across the world. The estimated liver cirrhosis cost in India is approx. USD 1500 (INR 11,67,13) the cost may differ on liver cirrhosis stages.

What Is the Liver Cirrhosis?

Liver Cirrhosis

Cirrhosis is a disease which happens when a part of the liver gets destroyed. The liver has an important function in the body in that it cleanses the blood from harmful toxins and other harmful chemical substances. Cirrhosis is the condition when a part of liver becomes damaged due to the presence of harmful chemicals or other chemical substances or due to infections like Hepatitis C. Liver cirrhosis occurs because of alcohol overuse, chronic hepatitis B or C, fatty accumulation in liver (steatosis) and some inherited disorders.

  • The functions of the liver include production of cholesterol and breaking down saturated fat, as well as storing glucose in the form of glycogen, manufacturing bile necessary for digestion.
  • Plasma is the liquid part of blood. It is a complex mixture of proteins and other small molecules that help in blood clotting, immune system functions and oxygen transport. It also stores excess nutrients and returns some of these nutrients to the bloodstream.

What are the Causes of Liver Cirrhosis?

  • Fatty liver disease can be caused by lifelong obesity and long-term diabetes.
  • Diseases causing loss of appetite are a group of conditions where a person’s appetite is reduced.
  • Liver cirrhosis can be caused by a number of things, including alcoholism, hepatitis, and fatty liver disease.
  • However, if your liver is damaged because of any of these conditions it becomes scarred, which can lead to cirrhosis.
  • The most common cause is anorexia nervosa, but it can also be due to cancer, trauma, neurological disorders, and other illnesses.
  • If the liver begins to accumulate fat, it may be irreversible. If a person suspects that he or she has fatty liver, there are several tests that can help confirm the diagnosis.

What are the Symptoms of Cirrhosis?

  • There are different stages of cirrhosis, and each stage brings new symptoms and issues.
  • Cirrhosis is a disease in which the normal structure of the liver is replaced by scar tissue, leading to loss of liver function.
  • The most common symptoms of cirrhosis include jaundice (yellowing of the skin), easy bruising due to decreased production of blood clotting factors by the diseased liver.
  • Swelling in limbs, accumulation of excess fluid in tissues and organs such as abdominal swelling or ascites (fluid collection between the abdomen wall and intestines), itching caused by increased absorption of bilirubin by the body, fatigue, and lethargy.

Some Advanced Symptoms Include

  • Decreased muscle mass and weakness can also result.
  • The advanced symptoms are most likely to occur with Vitamin B12 deficiency.
  • In some cases, people may experience dark urine and accumulation of fluid in the abdomen or legs.
  • They include gastrointestinal bleeding and coma, as well as impaired sleep, difficulty in concentrating and poor memory.

Diagnosis and Evaluation of Cirrhosis

Cirrhosis is an advanced state of liver disease where the liver stops functioning normally due to scarring and hardening of the organ. Liver biopsy is the best way for detecting cirrhosis. A liver biopsy may also be done if there is a difficulty in diagnosis, or when liver function tests are normal and there is suspicion of underlying disorders. Other tests are also performed in patients due to presence of other diseases which might be causing the condition of cirrhosis.

The Stages of Cirrhosis

Stages of Liver Cirrhosis

Treatments of Live Cirrhosis

  • This scar tissue blocks blood flow through the organ and can lead to permanently reduced function of the liver.
  • The liver is a regenerating organ; when it does not regenerate fully after an injury, scar tissue forms as it heals.
  • A dietician helps you to control your weight by aiding you with proper diets, including restriction in intake of protein and salt.
  • Diet therapy is essential in the treatment of cirrhosis. Proper eating habits can prevent further damage to the liver and help it recover faster.
  • This type of cirrhosis can be treated by removing enough healthy liver tissue to make it possible for the remaining part of damaged liver tissue to work properly again.
  • Treatment for cirrhosis depends on which type of cirrhosis it is. Treatment for alcoholic liver disease, for example, may include advice to stop drinking alcohol, the use of medications and vitamins to control bleeding from the stomach, and drug therapy to help the liver work better.

Types of Liver Cirrhosis

Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Hepatocellular Carcinoma is cancer that arises in the cells of hepatic parenchyma. The majority of Hepatocellular Carcinoma patients are middle-aged (40–70 years) or older individuals who have previously been diagnosed with hepatitis B, hepatitis C or chronic liver disease (because of alcoholism or another type of liver disease) and Aflatoxin consumption

Secondary Biliary Cirrhosis: Secondary Biliary Cirrhosis is a condition in which the bile ducts of the liver are not able to transfer bile effectively because of secondary causes that lead to blockage, scarring or inflammation. This condition could result from cystic fibrosis, a congenital defect of the bile ducts or gallstones. Other causes include – Idiopathic sclerosing cholangitis, Gallstones, Pericholangitis (inflammatory condition of the pancreatic duct), chronic pancreatitis, Cystic fibrosis, and congenital biliary atresia.

Tips to Stay Healthy with Liver Cirrhosis

To keep your liver as healthy as possible, make a few changes to your lifestyle. Eat lots of healthy foods like fruits, vegetables, and lean amount of protein from poultry or fish. Avoid oysters and other raw shellfish because they contain bacteria that can harm your liver. Avoid alcohol too since it can damage the organ even further. Keep up with exercise for your overall health, but also because exercise helps you burn fat—liver cells use fat for energy because they cannot use sugar well anymore.

You are more vulnerable to infections when your immune system is weakened by cirrhosis and its treatments, like prednisone. Get vaccinated against hepatitis A and B, the flu, and pneumonia and stay healthy. As always, discuss vaccinations with your physician before proceeding.

Your liver is not as efficient at filtering medicine and drug out of your body as it used to be. Before you take any medication, ask your doctor. You may need to limit or avoid over-the-counter drugs that could cause liver damage, like acetaminophen (Tylenol). But do not give up taking other medications yet.

FAQs

The estimated liver transplant cost in India is Rs. 22,56,000 which includes all pre- and post-surgery, hospitalization charges and medication charges.

The patient usually needs to stay in the hospital for about 7 to 10 days (about 1 and a half weeks) after a liver transplant. This is because the patient will be kept in the intensive care unit for two days, and then transferred to a recovery room to monitor the functioning of his or her new liver.

After the surgery, the patient must be kept under observation for 7 to 10 days (about 1 and a half weeks). Then he can be discharged from the hospital, but it takes about 3 months to recover after that.

Liver transplantation is the most common treatment for end-stage liver disease. People who receive a liver transplant can expect to live longer and better lives than those who do not receive the surgery. A study showed that about 70% of people who undergo liver transplant live for 5 years without any complications and 30% die within 5 years of surgery

In India, the success rate of liver transplant is over 90% which is the best in the world. The excellent post-operative results are a result of highly qualified, experienced, and dedicated surgeons available in India.

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