What is Infertility?

Infertility Treatment

Infertility is described as "a disorder of the reproductive system characterized by the failure to obtain a clinical pregnancy after 12 months or more of frequent unprotected sexual intercourse. In other terms, infertility is described as a woman's inability to become pregnant after attempting for at least a year but failing to do so despite regular intercourse. Primary infertility and secondary infertility are the two forms of infertility. Infertility is a couple that has never conceived is referred to as primary infertility. Secondary infertility occurs when a couple has previously been pregnant but is unable to conceive. Infertility affects up to 15% of reproductive-aged couples worldwide.

What is Infertility ?

InFertility treatment refers to the medication followed in order to help those having problems bearing a child. So, artificial medical assistance is taken to aid them in the process. Since Fertility Treatment is used to cure conditions of infertility in patients, it is also referred to as 'Infertility Treatment' (Fertility Treatment) or the treatment to treat infertility. This kind of artificial medical assistance to aid reproductive functions is increasingly becoming popular day by day.

Infertility refers to the inability to naturally conceive a child. It is a problem where a couple faces problems in conceiving, after a year of regular sexual intercourse without using any birth control methods. This problem may be in either man or woman, or both. It also refers to a condition of a woman when she is unable to carry a pregnancy to its full term.

Causes of Infertility

In a normal reproduction process proper interaction between the female and male reproductive system is required. Following are the causes of infertility (both men and women):

  • Sperm causes
  • Ovulation problems
  • Tubal causes
  • Age-related factors
  • Unexplained infertility

ICSI + Testicular Biopsy

It is a medical procedure in which a sperm is injected directly into the egg. This surgery is often times part of the in-vitro fertilization (IVF). In the case of testicular biopsy a small sample of sperm is removed for IVF-ICSI.

In vitro Fertilization (IVF)

IVF is a treatment in which the mature eggs collected from the ovaries are fertilized outside the body. During the procedure, the eggs are fertilized by sperm in a lab and the embryo is implanted in the uterus.

Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)

It is a medical treatment which involves the placement of sperm inside a woman's uterus when she is ovulating. It is done to facilitate fertilization and to increase the number of sperms that meet the fallopian tubes.

IVF / ICSI + Donor sperms

This medical treatment is opted when the couple's gametes cannot be used for IVF/ICSI. In this case, donor sperm from a known or anonymous donor is inseminated into an egg.


IVF with ICSI is used together in order to maximize the chances of fertilization with the use of micromanipulation equipment and tools. IVF, in vitro fertilization, is used for male infertility while ICSI is used for female infertility. The specialist will remove sperms from the male body and will choose one healthy sperm for conception.

IVF + ICSI with Optical Spindle view

IVF and ICSI with optical spindle view is a medical treatment in which a special technique is used to select a healthy embryo for fertilization. Both the procedures, IVF and ICSI are used to fertilize a sperm and an egg outside the body to develop an embryo which will be planted in the female womb. The optical spindle view helps the doctor to place the embryo effectively.

IVF with Egg Donation

This infertility treatment is opted by childless couples. The donated eggs are fertilized with sperms in a laboratory with the help of IVF or ICSI. The developed embryo is then placed in the uterus.

IVF with Laser Assisted Hatching

IVF with laser assisted hatching is a way to help the embryo to hatch from the zona pellucida, the protective outer shell. This is done to promote implantation in the uterine wall after the embryo transfer.

How to manage Infertility

The age at which you should seek professional help for infertility management is determined by your age. Women under the age of 30 are advised to try to conceive on their own for a year before considering therapeutic options. Both partners must undergo a full medical history and physical examination as part of infertility testing. There are blood and imaging tests that must be completed. This can include things like:

  • Hormone levels, such as progesterone and follicle-stimulating hormone, are measured in the blood.
  • Taking your body temperature first thing in the morning to see if your ovaries are producing eggs, is a good idea.
  • Challenge test with FSH (Follicle Stimulating Hormone) and Clomid.
  • Hysterosalpingography is a type of hysterosalpingography (HSG).
  • Ultrasound of the pelvis.
  • Evaluation with laparoscopy and hysteroscopy.
  • Urine test for luteinizing hormone (ovulation prediction).
  • Tests for thyroid function.

Men may be subjected to tests such as the ones listed above, as well as others.

  • Serum FSH
  • Serum LH
  • Serum PRL
  • Serum TSH

The other procedures are:

HSG (Hysterosalpingogram):

Here an X-ray picture of the uterus (Hystero) and Fallopian tubes (Salpingo) is taken.

Trans-vaginal Ultra Sonogram:

Undertaken for checking any abnormalities in the uterus, tubes and ovaries.

Laproscopic Hysteroscopy:

Done to look into the of the interior aspects of the uterus with an endoscope.


Done for visualization of the peritoneal cavity using an endoscope.

Depending on the results, the course of treatment is decided.

Infertility Treatment

Infertility treatments are known as Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART), which are formulated for increasing the number of eggs or sperm, bringing them together, and improving the chances of pregnancy. These treatments depend on the nature of the problem.

Cost of Infertility Treatments in India

Choose Infertility Treatment in India through MediConnect India as then otherwise costly procedure will prove to be quite affordable for you with a success rate of 25 to 30 percent (depends on the condition of the individual).

We can arrange for Free of cost opinions from various super speciality hospitals before doctor's consultations from the expert Doctors of our connected hospitals.

Fill this form to get a free quote from best hospitals in India

Get a Free Quote